What Agreement Officially Ended World War 1

I leave Paris after eight fateful months with conflicting emotions. If you look at the conference after the fact, there is a lot to take, but there is a lot to regret. It is easy to say what should have been done, but more difficult to have found a way to do it. To those who say that the Treaty is bad and that it should never have been concluded and that it will put Europe in an infinite number of difficulties to impose it, I admit. But I would also say that empires cannot be dismantled and that new states can be raised peacefully on their ruins. Creating new frontiers creates new problems. One follows the other. Although I would have preferred another peace, I doubt very much that it could have been produced, because the ingredients necessary for such peace, as I would have missed in Paris. [90] On January 8, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson published the post-war objectives, the Fourteen Points. He outlined a policy of free trade, open agreements and democracy. While the term was not used, self-determination was adopted.

He called for an end to the negotiations of war, international disarmament, the withdrawal of the central powers from the occupied territories, the creation of a Polish state, the revival of European borders along ethnic lines and the establishment of a society of nations to guarantee the political independence and territorial integrity of all States. [9] [n. 3] He called for a just and democratic peace, uncompromisingd by territorial annexation. The fourteen points were based on the study of the survey, a team of about 150 advisers, led by foreign policy adviser Edward M. House, on the topics that will likely appear in the expected peace conference. [10] Vittorio Emanuele Orlando and his foreign minister, Sidney Sonnino, an Anglican of British descent, worked mainly to ensure the division of the Habsburg empire and their attitude towards Germany was not so hostile. In general, Sonnino agreed with the British position, while Orlando favoured a compromise between Clemenceau and Wilson. As part of the negotiations on the Treaty of Versailles, Orlando achieved certain results such as Italy`s permanent accession to the Security Council of the League of Nations and a promised transfer of the British Jubaland and the French band of Aozou to the Italian colonies of Somalia and Libya.