A shape is defined as a two-dimensional area that detaches from the space next to or around it because of a defined or implied boundary or because of differences in value, color or texture.  Shapes are recognizable objects and shapes and are generally composed of other design elements.  The principles apply to the elements of design that bring them together in a design. How these principles are applied determines the success of a project.  In visual design, form is described as how an artist orders elements throughout a composition.  It can also be described as a three-dimensional object. Shape can be measured from top to bottom (height), side side (width), and back to forward (deep). The shape is also defined by light and darkness. It can be defined by the presence of shadows on surfaces or surfaces of an object. There are two types of shape, geometric (artificial) and natural (organic). The form can be created by combining two or more forms. It can be improved by clay, texture or color.
It can be illustrated or built. Texture refers to the physical and visual qualities of a surface. [Citation required] Planning a coherent and similar design is an important aspect of a designer`s work to make the centre of gravity visible. Too much resemblance is boring, but without resemblance, the important elements will not exist and an image without contrast is without incident, so the key is to find the balance between similarity and contrast.  The relative size of the elements against each other may draw attention to a focal point. If the elements are larger than life, the scale is used to show dramatic character.  Visual texture, also known as ”implicit texture,” is not detectable by our sense of touch, but by our visual sense. [Citation required] Visual texture is the illusion of a real texture on a two-dimensional surface.  Any texture that is perceived in an image or photo is a visual texture. A photo of rough tree bark is considered a visual texture.
It creates the impression of a real texture on a two-dimensional surface that would remain smooth, no matter how rough the texture represented is.  According to Alex White, author of The Elements of Graphic Design, the realization of the visual unit is a primary objective of graphic design. If all elements match, a design is considered unified. No part is considered more important than the design. A good balance between unity and diversity is necessary to avoid a chaotic or inanimate design.  In painting, different colors are used to achieve different types of textures.